The citadel of Besançon

Vue générale de la citadelle. Source :

The citadel of Besançon, Vauban's masterwork, was built between 1668 and 1711 and covers 11 hectares...

The citadel of Besançon, Vauban's masterwork, was built between 1668 and 1711 and covers 11 hectares. It looks down from a height of more than 100 metres on the old town, which is nestled in a magnificent loop formed by a meander of the Doubs river. The citadel is a remarkably restored fortress, which is nowadays a unique place of great cultural and tourist importance that enables visitors to experience history and life.

The Resistance and Deportation Museum, which is housed in the enclosure of the citadel, takes the visitor on a voyage through history organised around 20 exhibition halls, half of which are dedicated to Nazism, Nazi repression and the concentration camps. It also contains a documentation centre and educational service. Finally, visitors can also see an exhibition of paintings by Jean DALIGAULT made on scraps of paper that were kept by surviving comrades. Jean DALIGAULT was deported to and executed in Dachau in March 1944. There is also an exhibition of rough sketches made while on the move by Léon DELARBRE, a member of the Resistance arrested in 1944 and deported to Auschwitz, Buchenwald, Dora and Bergen-Belsen.

Tourist information: /33 (0)3 81 87 83 33


Opening hours The citadel is open daily, except on 25 December and 1 January: 9:00 to 19:00 from July 5 -August 31 9:00 to 18:00 from 29 March to 4 July and 31 August 24 October 10:00 to 17:00 in low season.

Opening hours may be subject to slight amendments. Recommended duration of visit: At least half a day on site. Museums closed on Tuesdays between All Saints' Day and Easter.

Dogs are not permitted.

Admission Adults: 8.20 € Concession: 6.80 € Children (4 -14 years): 4.60 € Children (-4 years) Free. Group and regular visitor rates are also available.

The Resistance and Deportation Museum Free for school groups. Open all year round.

The Resistance and Deportation Museum La Citadelle 25000 BESANÇON - Telephone. /33 (0)3 81 83 37 14

  • View of the citadel. Photo: MINDEF/ECPAd 

  • The citadel. Photo: MINDEF/ECPAd 

  • The Resistance Museum. Photo: MINDEF/ECPAd 

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    Practical information


    rue des fusillés de la résistance 25000
    03 81 87 83 33


    Adulte: 8,20 € Tarif réduit: 6,80 € Enfant (4 à 14 ans): 4,60 € Gratuit : Enfant (- de 4 ans)

    Weekly opening hours

    Du 5 juillet au 30 août: de 9h à 19h Du 29 mars au 4 juillet et du 31 août 24 octobre: de 9h à 18h Basse saison: de 10h à 17h

    Fermetures annuelles

    Fermé le 25 décembre et le 1er janvier