Raymond Séré de Rivières
Born in Albi May 20th 1815, Politechnician, engineer officer, General of the brigade in 1871.
1862 : he organises the fortified place of Nice.
1864-68 : he builds four forts in Metz.
1869 : he fortifies Langres.
1870 : he fortifies Lyon.
1871 : leads the Army engineers of the East; then he takes part in the operations against the Communards (insurgent soldiers of the Commune of Paris). To achieve this objective he besieged several fortifications. Later on he will have the task preparing the case of Marchal Bazaine's trial.
1872 : he is appointed Secretary of the defence Committee, created by the President of the Republic A. Thiers.
1874 : appointed chef of the army engineers department, he can apply his principles of fortification. Promoted general of the division, between 1874 and 1880 he built a fortified system from Dunkirk in Toulon which bears his name. The purpose of the system is to protect the mobilization and therefore force the potential invaders to go into a predetermined geographical gorge which defense support were expecting them.
1880 : in January ,at the age of 65 years he is replaced by his successor General Cosseron de Villenoisy, who completed his works.
General Sere de Rivieres based to Père Lachaise cemetery in Paris : Division 95, went 4; monument 59
- Fort d'Uxegney
- Fort Lobau
- Fort de la Forca
- The Chuise de Bauma Negra
- La Chuise de Saint-Jean La Rivière
- The Mont-Dauphin citadel
- Redoubt of 3 Communes
- Fort of Guentrange
- The Fort de la Croix de Bretagne
- The Fort de l'Infernet
- The redoubt of les Salettes
- Mont-Bart Fort
- Fort du Pic Charvet or Picciarvet
- Fort du Randouillet
- Fort Suchet, known as du Barbonnet
- Le Portel Plage
- Fort des Dunes
- The Paillon line of fortifications
- Le fort des Têtes, Briançon
- The fort of Cormeilles
- Fort de Tournoux
- Le cimetière du Père-Lachaise