The repression of the Resistance

French Resistance members shot by the Germans, undated © SHD

The repression of the Resistance was particularly efficient. Its success can be measured in the numbers of arrests, deportations and executions. The archives of the Defence Historical Service (SHD) help us to understand its logic and identify the players involved. They shed new light on the subject, paying particular attention to the organisations and men responsible for the mission of repression. The Abwehr and SIPO-SD files seized at the end of the war describe techniques for penetrating resistance organisations, teaching us a great deal about double agents and the role they played. The German archives conserved by the SHD also record the decisions of the German military tribunals throughout the national territory, adding to our knowledge of the occupier's legal system.