Saint-Mandrier Franco-Italian National Military Cemetery
La nécropole nationale franco-italienne de Saint-Mandrier-sur-Mer. © ECPAD
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Located on the Semaphore route, the Saint-Mandrier National Military Cemetery was established in 1670 by Colbert. Originally, the cemetery was the responsibility of the former naval hospital, but was transferred on 8 December 1948 to the Ministry of War Veterans.
In the French section lie the bodies of soldiers and sailors who fell during and as a result of World War I, particularly on the Eastern front: 1,024 French, 22 Serb, 18 Greek, 16 Russian and 1 Bulgarian combatant are buried in individual graves. The remains of 777 French combatants have been placed in an ossuary. In 1961, the southeast section was transferred to the Italian government, which placed in a columbarium the remains of 975 soldiers who had perished in the south of France during World War II and whose bodies were not claimed by their relatives.
An eight-metre high pyramid and two sphinxes were erected in September 1810. They serve as a memorial to Vice-Admiral Latouche-Treville, Commander-in-Chief of French Naval Forces in the Mediterranean, who died in Toulon harbour on 17 August 1804.
The tomb of Marie-Nicolas Ravier, captain of the Armée d’Orient who gave his life for France on 8 October 1917 includes the inscription: “In recognition of care given to his son, Marie-Nicolas Ravier de Dounemari bequeathed half of his fortune to the Hôpital de Saint-Mandrier on 8 January 1919”.
Saint-Mandrier-sur-Mer, au sud de Toulon
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