Camaret-sur-Mer Vauban tower
Le Sillon - vue prise de la pointe du Grand Gouin, Camaret-sur-Mer. Source : ©Michael Rapp - License Creative Commons - Libre de droit
The aim of the Vauban tower was to defend Brest harbour from enemy invasions and pirates.
The tower was built close to Notre Dame de Rocamadour chapel, at the end of the breakwater which protects Camaret port, at the entrance to the Crozon peninsular. It was part of a complex strategy designed to defend Brest harbour from enemy invasions and pirates.
The tower was built between 1693 and 1696 under the supervision of the engineer Jean-Pierre Traverse. It has four floors (basement, ground floor and two upper floors) and is 18m high to the roof.
The basement, with trap door access, was used to store food and powder.
A spiral staircase leads to the upper floors which housed the guard room and accommodation.
The hexagonal tower features arrow slits for defensive purposes. Acute angles of attack mean that projectiles could be deflected. It is also known as the Tour Dorée (Golden Tower) because the base is finished with a coating made from crushed bricks.
The tower is flanked by a low, semi-circular battery with wide embrasures for eleven canons and a defensive guard room. A second guardroom was later built on the site of the shot furnace. A beam drawbridge provided access to the site and the footbridge to the tower.
In June 1694 the tower, as yet unfinished, suffered its first attack, from the Anglo-Dutch Augsbourg League, whose aim was to take control of Brest Harbour. The tower was armed with just nine canons and three mortars, but the effectiveness of its defensive system was clear immediately. The 1,500 coalition men who had landed on Trez Rouz beach in front of Camaret were routed in a few short hours, suffering heavy losses.
15, quai Kléber BP 16 29570 Camaret-sur-Mer
Open high season (01-07 to 31-08) from 10am to 12 noon and 2pm to 6pm every day.
Low season (April - September): 2pm to 6pm Tuesday to Sunday
Reduced rate (students, job seekers, people on income support, etc.): €2
Free entry for children under 12 (except groups)
Quai Gustave Toudouze 29570
02 98 27 94 22
Plein tarif: 3 € Tarif réduit: 2 € Gratuit : Moins de 12 ans
Avril à octobre: 14h-17h Juillet et août : 10h-12h / 14h-18h
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