Fort de Vézelois
Fort de Vézelois. Source : ©Thomas Bresson- License Creative Commons - Libre de droit
Fort Vézelois is a fort in the Séré de Rivières system of fortifications designed and built after the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1871.
Built at the same time and following the same plans as that for Bessoncourt, Fort Vézelois was erected to cover the forts of Bessoncourt and Bois d'Oye and provide defence mainly along the roads leading from Switzerland and the Mulhouse railway.
It had the capacity for under 600 men and some 30 cannons.
As with Bessoncourt, in 1888-1889 it received a concrete shell over one third of its central barracks.
The majority of its artillery was also distributed in the exterior batteries after 1887, but no major modernisation appeared until 1909: Caponiers replaced by counterscarp batteries, shelters and parapets installed for the infantry, construction of a Bourges casemate, a 75-mm turret and two machine gun turrets.
Some underground excavation was carried out during the First World War.
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